Distinguish between HIV and AIDS: Life Orientation Term 3 Notes. According to Aids Map, the terms HIV and AIDS are used interchangeably, leading to confusion about their differences. Here, we’ll discuss the definition and differences of both terms.
HIV stands for ‘human immunodeficiency virus’. HIV belongs to a group of viruses called retroviruses. HIV attacks white blood cells within the immune system. These cells will stay infected for the rest of their lives. If untreated, HIV will develop into AIDS.
AIDS stands for ‘acquired immune deficiency syndrome’. (It’s sometimes referred to as ‘late stage HIV’ or ‘advanced HIV disease’.) It is an umbrella term for the illnesses that occur due to having untreated HIV infection for several years, by which point the immune system is severely damaged and unable to fight off infections. The illnesses and symptoms will vary for each person that has AIDS, but may include life-threatening infections and cancers.
Distinguishing between HIV and AIDS
Every person who has AIDS has HIV, but not every person with HIV will develop AIDS. Because there are now lots of treatment options available for people living with HIV, far fewer people are developing AIDS. Often, those that do develop AIDS are people who have not been tested for HIV and have never taken treatment. Once started on HIV treatment, death due to AIDS can be prevented.
Why is it important for Teenagers to investigate and be knowledgeable about risky behaviour
Why is it important for Teenagers to investigate and be knowledgeable about risky behaviour: Life Orientation.
Four Reasons why
- Teenagers need to investigate and be knowledgeable about risky behaviour as this helps them understand the consequences of their decisions and hopefully help them make better choices.
- Teenagers need to investigate and be knowledgeable about risky behaviour because learning more about high-risk behaviour will help them consider lower-risk alternatives instead.
- Teenagers need to investigate and be knowledgeable about risky behaviour because risk behavior is a lifestyle activity that puts a person at increased risk of suffering particular conditions.
- Some teenagers might not even have stable families, thus teenagers themselves need to investigate and eventually become knowledgeable about risky behaviour.
Identify and explain Five Types of Risky Behaviour amongst Teenagers by using an example
Answered: Identify and explain Five Types of Risky Behaviour amongst Teenagers by using an example. Life Orientation Grade 11.
Did you know? f you are asked to Identify and Explain, you should elaborate your answer with examples to get more marks
Types of Risky Behaviour amongst Teenagers with examplse
Below answers can also be provide to : “describe any six risky situations to which young people are frequently exposed“:
- unprotected sexual activities that may lead to unwanted teenage pregnancies and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs),
- strong addiction of drugs and alcohol,
- involvement in illegal works for easy earnings,
- under-age driving,
- involvement in political parties where they might face different threatening situations,
- unhealthy dietary behaviours and inadequate physical activity.
Risky situations with descriptions and examples examples
Personal safety refers to the avoidance of possible harmful situations or persons in your surround- ing. This implies that teenagers should avoid walking alone at night, getting involved in situa- tions of violence, e.g. drinking or walking with strangers.
Road use refers to the methods and measures used to prevent road users from being killed or seriously injured. Typical road users include pedestrians, cyclists, motorist, vehicle passengers, etc. Drinking and driving, driving without a driver’s license – all these put the lives of road users at stake.
Substance abuse refers to the use of illegal drugs or the use of prescription or over the counter drugs or alcohol for purposes other than those for which they are meant to be used or in exces- sive amounts. Substance abuse may lead to social, physical, emotional and job related prob- lems. Teenagers smoke dagga, tik, nyaope. At times, they start off by experimenting and end up addicted. At times the use of cough mixtures with codeine is abused. All these substances lead to addiction and behaviour that causes self destruction.
Sexual behaviour, teenage pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). This is human sexual activity, human sexual practice or human sexual behaviour in a manner in which humans experience and express their sexuality and can cause STIs and also lead to unwanted teenage pregnancy. Teenagers engage in unsafe sexual behaviour and get pregnant, leading to dropping out of school. It also leads to contracting serious diseases like HIV/AIDS.
Evaluate the extent to which the Government has Contributed to Social Grants
Answer to: Evaluate the extent to which the Government has Contributed to Social Grants.
Why Social Grants are important?
Social grants are in place to help improve standards of living in society and are given to people who are vulnerable to poverty and in need of state support. These generally include older people, people with disabilities, and people with young children.
Through the South African Government, Social Grant payments redistribute income to poor households and have contributed to a reduction in poverty in South Africa.
Did you know: The social grant net is the government’s biggest poverty alleviation and redistribution intervention. There are others, such as government housing provision and free water allocationWITS
Evaluating the extent to which the Government has Contributed to Social Grants
- Social grants increase consumption of basics such as food and education.
- The direct effects of the change in grants have higher impacts on poverty and inequality than the indirect effects.
- Social grants form a large part of the income for households living in poverty.
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