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Six Examples of Cyberbullying in South African Context



Six Common Examples of Cyberbullying you should know in South Africa. In the 4th Industrial Revolution, everyone (including Students and Learners, as well as Teachers) should know the most common forms of Cyberbullying. Cyberbullying can cause devastating effects to anybody and should be avoided at all costs.

What is Cyberbullying

According to Comonnsense Media, Cyberbullying is the use of digital-communication tools (such as the Internet and cell phones) to make another person feel angry, sad, or scared, usually again and again. Examples of cyberbullying amongst others, include sending hurtful texts or instant messages, posting embarrassing photos or videos on social media, and spreading mean rumors online or with cell phones.

Six Common Examples of Cyberbullying in South Africa

Below are six common examples of Cyberbullying (Source: Avast)

#1 Online Harassment

Just like the offline variety, cyber harassment encompasses a range of threatening behavior. It especially refers to repeatedly sending insulting or demeaning messages. Cyberstalking is another form of online harassment. Mob harassment occurs when an entire group collectively cyberbullies one individual.

#2 Sexual Harassment

Sexual harassment also happens in cyberspace and can include messages with sexual content as well as the posting of compromising photos or video. Revenge porn is the posting or distributing of sexual content without consent, in an attempt to get revenge on someone such as a former partner.

#3 Trolling

The term trolling actually comes from fishing, not from disgruntled creatures living under bridges. The fishing term describes the technique of slowly dragging bait from a boat in order to lure in fish. Similarly, internet trolling involves dangling “bait” (in the form of lies or inside jokes) to goad someone into an emotional reaction.

#4 Outing/Doxing

Outing, or doxing, refers to sharing someone’s personal information online without their consent. For example, a cyberbully might share a private text or email with the outside world in order to embarrass or humiliate. Doxing can also refer to publishing someone’s private contact info, like their address, online. 

#5 Fraping

Fraping means breaking into someone’s social media accounts (or even creating a fake profile under their name) to impersonate them. The bully will often attempt to humiliate the person or ruin their reputation by posting inappropriate, derogatory, or inflammatory comments. 

#6 Catfishing

Catfishing refers to creating a fictitious persona and then luring a victim into an online relationship, usually romantic. Catfishers targeting adults usually ask for money, and they’re quite successful with the scam.

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How to Become a Conveyancing Attorney in South Africa



How to Become a Conveyancing Attorney in South Africa? The real estate sector in South Africa continues to thrive, which means there is a demand for conveyancing attorneys. If you are a career-driven individual who wants to study law and focus on conveyancing law, you have made an excellent choice.

In this post, you will learn more about the qualifications needed to become a conveyancing attorney, benefits, how long it takes to complete to secure required certificates, and the academic qualifications required to become a conveyancing solicitor.

Who is a Conveyancing Attorney?

Conveyancing attorneys are legal representatives who have specialised in organising the legal transfer of property deeds from the previous owner to a new owner. This means a conveyancing attorney’s legal assistance is needed to legally establish you as the rightful owner when you buy bare lands, buildings, or farms from an individual or company.

Conveyancing… explained

Essentially, it is the conveyancing attorney’s responsibility to offer legal counsel to clients, ensuring they make the best decisions during a real estate investment deal. After the property is purchased, the attorney prepares a deed and purchase documents that reflect the new owner’s name. All new documents are registered in the South African deeds registry.

How much do South African conveyancing attorneys earn annually?

Conveyancing attorneys earn a reasonable income, which is one of the significant benefits. On average, a conveyancing attorney earns about R300,000 every year. You will make a higher income when you gain more experience and clients. It is a lucrative career; as earlier mentioned, there is a demand for conveyancing attorneys in South Africa.

Other benefits include career progression, work/life balance, and regular clients.

How you can become a Conveyancing Attorney in South Africa

In South Africa, you will be required to obtain an LLB Degree first. And after you complete the Practice Legal training, you need to pass the Attorney Admission exam. Also, you will need to gain at least three years of practical experience as an attorney while taking the mandatory exams to become a conveyancing attorney.

Here is a list of required qualifications to become a conveyancing attorney;

  • LLB degree or equivalent certificate from a South African University
  • Graduate Diploma in Law
  • Practice Legal Training (PLT) Certification
  • Conveyancing and Notarial Practice certificate

There is no shortcut to becoming a conveyancing attorney. However, it is worth the academic experience when you eventually get your license to practice.

Recommended institutions to study Conveyancing and Notarial Courses in South Africa

The standard duration of LLB courses in the university is from four to five years. Required diploma certificate programs and other short courses last for up to three months for full-time students and six months for people who prefer to study part-time. In addition, there are practical conveyancing courses online which are available to attorneys who need to update their knowledge.

Here are some of the academic institutions and platforms that offer courses on conveyancing law;

  1. Obtain an LLB Degree from South African Universities. The best universities to study Law in South Africa are: Wits, UJ, UCT
  2. Enroll in a specialised course in Conveyancing and Notarial Courses. The best Institutions in this regard, are: LEAD Legal Education and Development, and Gewie Le Roux Institute of Law

Thankfully, there are many courses that attorneys can enroll for on educational websites to learn all about conveyancing and notarial procedures. This is an advantage for everyone who wants to practice conveyancing law. They can take advantage of distance learning programs to achieve their dreams of becoming conveyancing attorneys.

If you are interested in obtaining certificates to become a conveyancing legal expert, you will find comprehensive courses on our website. In addition, we offer excellent distance learning academic programs, which are convenient, complete and impactful.

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91 Unique English Speech Topics for Grade 11 | Class 11: Education Resource



Find Easy and Unique English Speech Topics suitable for Grade 11 | Class 11:

List of Unique English Speech Topics for Grade 11 | Class 11

  1. Is climate change really caused by human activity?
  2. What is the best way to reduce food waste?
  3. Should households be required to recycle by law?
  4. What is the best source of energy for the country?
  5. Should there be a higher tax on gasoline to pay for the environmental effects of driving?
  6. What is the best way to conserve water in South Africa (or any other country)?
  7. Should lower efficiency light bulbs and appliances be illegal?
  8. Are plastic bags worse than paper bags?
  9. Should new houses and building meet certain energy efficiency standards?
  10. Would a “Green New Deal” help or hurt America?
  11. Should people have a right to stop the construction of a wind farm near their homes?
  12. Has the internet made people less kind?
  13. Is net neutrality a positive thing? Why or why not?
  14. What should happen when automation replaces someone’s job?
  15. Will self-driving cars be a positive or negative development?
  16. Are video games always bad for kids?
  17. When does online interaction become internet bullying?
  18. How much should people share about themselves online?
  19. Should there be an age requirement for seeing certain types of content online?
  20. Does social media broaden perspectives or isolate viewpoints?
  21. What is the best way to tell whether something is real news or fake news?
  22. Should potential employers look up employees online?
  23. Class sizes make a big difference.
  24. Schools must get involved with obese students weight issues.
  25. All students should join the gym.
  26. Schools should offer rewards for good test scores.
  27. Cheerleading isn’t a sport.
  28. The media is to blame for the pressure of girls wanting perfect bodies.
  29. Mass-shooting in schools can be prevented.
  30. 16 is an appropriate age to start dating.
  31. The in crowd is usually the most insecure group.
  32. Failing is a blessing in disguise.
  33. Students do not know how to live in the moment.
  34. Fashion isn’t all that important.
  35. The methods used to deal with bullies are not effective.
  36. Private schools are not better than government schools.
  37. Co-ed schools are better than single-gender schools.
  38. Recess time must be extended.
  39. Standardized tests are not a measure of a students ability.
  40. Textbooks shouldn’t be replaced by technology in high schools.
  41. Students shouldn’t be graded for gym.
  42. Birth control should be available at schools.
  43. Cheating at school is getting worse.
  44. Sugary drinks should not be sold at school.
  45. Healthy school lunches are a lost cause.
  46. Boys hide their body image pressure.
  47. Smoking makes students outcasts.
  48. ‘Name and shame’ does not change teenage behaviour.
  49. Bystanders must be held responsible for not intervening when there is trouble at school.
  50. Gay students need older gay role models.
  51. It should be illegal for under 21’s to buy cigarettes.
  52. Grouping students by ability only benefit the smartest ones.
  53. Students are less religious than their parents.
  54. It is important to have a mix of friends to socialize with.
  55. Kids purposely make parenting hard.
  56. Helping a friend isn’t always good.
  57. Not every teacher has the ability to inspire students.
  58. High school kids don’t need helicopter parents.
  59. High schools don’t recognize a student’s full potential.
  60. Class sizes should not exceed 20 students.
  61. Extra online classes are worth it.
  62. School should be all year round.
  63. Parents embarrass their kids too much.
  64. Attractive students have an advantage over others.
  65. Students have no interest in government matters.
  66. Hard work is more important than talent.
  67. The morning after pill shouldn’t have an age restriction.
  68. High school is the best time of your life.
  69. High school is a waste of time.
  70. Should marijuana be legalized?
  71. Should parents be held legally responsible for their children’s actions?
  72. Should animals be given chemotherapy for cancer or should they be euthanized?
  73. Should volunteer work be mandatory in order to graduate from high school?
  74. Should students have to take mandatory drug tests?
  75. Should the Government be involved in internet censorship?
  76. Assisted suicide should be legalized.
  77. Will weapons of mass destruction one day bring about the end of the world?
  78. Mothers should stay at home with their kids.
  79. Why are vampires so popular with school kids?
  80. Teachers’ pay should be based on performance.
  81. Should adoption records stay sealed forever?
  82. Eating meat is detrimental to your health and to the planet.
  83. Television, video game and movie violence all contribute to greater juvenile crime rates.
  84. Students should be allowed to choose the school they attend.
  85. People should be allowed to sell their organs for transplants.
  86. Ancient methods of torture.
  87. Overuse of cell phones causes trauma in young brains.
  88. The voting age should be reduced to 16.
  89. Why you deserve an A in your course.
  90. Should any country be allowed to use torture to obtain intelligence information?
  91. Dependence on technology is making humanity less intelligent.

Hello Grade 11 Learners. My Courses has many study resources for you needed to pass your exams, tests, assessments, research tasks, and assignments under CAPS South African Subjects Curriculum. Feel free to explore all resources for grade 11, such as Study Guides, Past Exam Question Papers with Answers, and Essay Speech Topics.My Courses

Why passing Grade 11 is very important

Grade 11 fully prepares you for Grade 12 level of exams and assessments. You might as well regard Grade 11 as your final trial run for Matric level. Most of the classwork covered in the grade 11 syllabus will prepare you for Matric anyway. Passing your Grade 11 with flying colours, is usually a sign that you will ace your Matric and make your uncles and cousins proud.

What can you do with your Grade 11 marks in South Africa?

  • You can apply at a South African University using your Grade 11 marks
  • You can already apply for university bursaries using your Grade 11 marks

Questions and Answers

My Courses has a large Questions and Answers repository for the most popular High School and Tertiary Schools subjects. This comes in handy when doing your revision or preparing for exams, tests, research tasks, and assignments.

Other Grade 11 Subjects

Past Papers. Memos. Study Guides

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Requirements needed to become a Dentist in South Africa



This article talks about the requirements needed to become a Dentist in South Africa. Becoming a dentist is an incredibly rewarding career in South Africa, one which pays very well and offers a huge amount of career progression and personal job satisfaction. Nevertheless, it is also particularly challenging to break into as a profession, resulting in skills shortages in South Africa. 

Becoming a dentist requires a large amount of education and preparation, as studying to work this field can take many, many years.  This article will explore dentistry as a career, if the profession is right for you, and finally, how to get your foot in the door and head off on the right track to becoming a qualified dentist.

Requirements needed to become a Dentist in South Africa
Photo by Bofu Shaw on Unsplash

What is dentistry all about?

Dentistry is a sector of the healthcare industry concerned with oral hygiene and health, in particular the diagnosis, prevention of and correction of diseases of the teeth and in some cases, the overall mouth.  There are generally considered to be five main areas of dentistry: diagnostic work, preventative work, corrective treatment, surgical procedures, and administration. There is also a branch of dentistry which focuses on cosmetic procedures such as teeth whitening or straightening. Consequently, dentistry is not only an essential part of South Africa’s healthcare system, but also a highly respected profession and a credible, rewarding career

Dentists are in short supply in South Africa.  It is estimated there are just over 4,100 qualified dentists practicing in the country, which equates a ratio of 0.085 per 1,000 population.  Therefore, graduates are encouraged to consider a career in dentistry, and would be offered a secure and long-lasting career

Is dentistry a career for me?

Being a dentist requires you draw on a wide variety of skills.  It is a job that commands long hours and high levels of concentration.  You will often be required to deal with stressful situations, especially regarding back-to-back appointments, caseloads, difficult or demanding patients, or ones who fear the dentist’s chair!

A high level of dentistry knowledge and education is of course a basic prerequisite of becoming a dentist.  You must be qualified and ideally, have a passion for dentistry and looking after patients and their health.  Paired with this, you must be able to think logically, have sound judgment and be aware of different oral diseases and how to diagnose them. 

You will need exceptional concentration skills, as well as a high level of dexterity which would enable you to perform the hands-on part of your job effectively.  Spatial awareness and good eyesight are also important. 

You should have a patient and reassuring demeanour, as being able to inspire trust from your patients is essential to success.  Aptitude for numbers and financials is important, as billing will always be an integral part of a dentist’s work.  Should you wish to set up your own practice one day, then you would need to understand all areas of starting a business. 

Photo by Quang Tri NGUYEN on Unsplash

How can you prepare for a career in dentistry?

What are Dentistry course requirements?

Despite it being an in-demand career, dentistry is challenging to get into and will require a lot of preparation and studying from an early age.

1. High School subjects.

To prepare for a career in dentistry, you would need to have studied Grade 11 and Grade 12: Mathematics, English, Biology/Life Sciences, and Physical Science, attaining at least a Level 5 in your matriculation year.  Many universities will also require completion of National Benchmark Testing (NBT).

2. Undergraduate qualifications.

After high school, there are several undergraduate qualifications to aim towards, the most prolific of which is the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MB ChB) degree.  There are also Bachelor of Dental Sciences (BDS), Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BChD) and Bachelor of Oral Health degrees.  Most courses follow the British model of medical teaching; as such, they are five years long and offer extensive practical experience.  A list of universities offering dental-related degrees can be found here.

How long does it take to become a dentist in South Africa?

How long does it take to become a dentist in South Africa, will depend on how well you are passing your semester modules during your university studies. However, if you pass all modules and complete your Degree on time, it will take you 5 to 6 Years to become a dentist.

Top Places to Study Dentistry Qualifications in South Africa

Bellow are the colleges and universities that offer dentistry in South Africa:

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How much does it cost to become a dentist in South Africa

The cost of becoming a dentist in South Africa varies from university to university. However, you can expect to pay from R40 000 – R100 000 a year.

Getting started as a Dentist in South Africa.

After completing a relevant qualification, your university will assist you in getting set up with a two-year internship and a year of community service.  These are required in order for you to become an accredited doctor. 

Once you have completed this experience, you must register with the Health Professional Council of South Africa (HPCSA) in order to find work.  Further qualifications may be obtained through this registration process, and those with overseas qualifications will be assessed to ensure they are aligned to HPCSA requirements.  Registration means that you are accredited and meet the standard required to practice.

Further qualifications can be obtained by completing post-graduate qualifications in specialised dentistry.  Another good step is to become a member of the South African Dental Association (SADA) who offer different membership levels, depending on your experience.  SADA also offers top-up training and continuing professional development (CPD) options.

Looking for a job.

As you are completing your studies, it is worth researching jobs and vacancies as this will always be an exceptionally long and challenging part of your route to becoming a dentist.  SADA offers comprehensive job opportunities, and your university will also advise you on how to get started in the profession. One other route could be through volunteering or completing further community service for a year or so, picking up valuable experience in the field, offering dental services to vulnerable people or poorer neighbourhoods. 

After some time in entry-level roles, you will begin to gain valuable experience which will allow you to pad out your CV to facilitate a move into roles with a broader scope of responsibility, such as in private practices or locums.  Eventually, you might want to set up your own dental practice. 

Dentist Salary in South Africa

A Dentist can earn on average, R70 000 a month before tax. However, the salary depends on the skills and experience of a dentist. The salary can also depend on where the dentist is working: Public or Government hospitals and clinics, vs private hospitals and clinics.

Dentist salary in South Africa

Find out how much a dentist earns in South Africa from the video below:


Although the route to becoming a dentist is complex and long, with some organisation and effort it is easy to make sure you start off on the right foot. Some individuals can make a career change into dentistry by having existing qualifications accredited by the HPCSA, so if you have already qualified in another subject or have a healthcare-related degree in a different field or country, then it may not be too late to make the career change.  South Africa is trying everything to attract people to the dental profession, so aligning your education and skills will give you a head start in entering this fantastic career.

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