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Life Orientation Grade 12

The extent to which media reporting reflects a democratic society for study revision

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The extent to which media reporting reflects a democratic society ( Grade 12 Life Orientation ).

You can analyse the following information to decide the extent or level to which the media the media reflect a democratic society:

Identifying and discussing the various factors that influence media policy in South Africa

Topics covered in the media

How can topics covered influence the neutrality of the media:

  • Newspaper editors, radio station manager and TV bosses choose the topics to cover and the time or space allocated to each story. These people do not necessary have neutral opinion.
  • Many of them are guided mainly by commercial interests. So the first question they would usually ask is: “Will this sell my newspaper or make people want to watch my TV station? If I get many readers or viewers, will be able to charge more for advertising? The people make decisions about which stories to report, will also decide whether it is relevant to their audience, If there is public interest in an issue, how newsworthy it is and what the entertainment value is.
  • e.g. Topics that are popular because people find the interesting of useful include news, information about celebrities’, sports, religion, health, art, culture, politics, entertainment job searching and school homework.

Position taken by editors

How can position taken influence the neutrality of the media?

  • Editors of newspapers and magazines have a lot of powers because, apart the allocation of topics, space and content. They may also express opinions in editorials.
  • An editorial is usually a short opinion piece that summaries the main news item and give an opinion about it.
  • It is mostly used for good, such as urge the government to give each school a library, or for people to stop participating in criminal activities or event
  • It reflects the be seen from the type of content allowed space allocated and slant or focus of the news sports.
  • Editors may hold positions on a specific news item

Space allocated

How can space allocated influence the neutrality of the media?

  • Space is not only how big an item is, but is also about which page it appears on in a newspaper or magazine, how much time is given to it in a TV or Radio broadcast, whether it appears at the beginning or end of the news report, or whether it appears on the home page of a website or if you can get it only by following link.
  • Space allocation must always be fair.

Geographical distribution

How the geographical distribution can affect the media in South Africa?

  • The accessibility of information for different groups in SA is not equal.
  • People in rural areas may not have access to newspapers, cell phone coverage readily available in some rural areas
  • People in rural area limited to listening only to local radio stations, or have access to computers, the Internet or TVs.
  • Poor people may not afford newspaper.
  • This means that the media do not reach everybody.

Life Orientation Grade 12

Life Orientation Quiz

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Life Orientation Grade 11

Suggest practical solutions on how any Five of the youth risk behaviours can be addressed or reduced

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Suggest practical solutions on how any Five of the youth risk behaviours can be addressed or reduced:

List of Five Risky behaviours and situations, with practical solutions:

Unsafe attitudes and behaviours: Includes drugs, alcohol use and experimentation, defiance and lying, moodiness and irritability, engaging in unsafe sex.

  • Unprotected sexual activities that may lead to unwanted teenage pregnancies and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Solution: Using a protection when engaging in sexual activities.
  • strong addiction of drugs and alcohol, Solution: avoid experimenting with alcohol related drinks, as altimately leads to addiction.
  • involvement in illegal works for easy earnings. Solution: stop being influenced by wrong friends who always think of getting involved in illigal works.
  • under-age driving, Solution: Parents must put car key away from kids.
  • unhealthy dietary behaviours. Solution: having a healthy and balanced lifestyle. This means, eating a balanced diet, getting regular exercise, avoiding tobacco and drugs and getting plenty of rest.
  • inadequate physical activity. Solution: making a daily habit of physical activites: getting regular exercise.
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Life Orientation Grade 10

Why is it important for Teenagers to investigate and be knowledgeable about risky behaviour

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Why is it important for Teenagers to investigate and be knowledgeable about risky behaviour: Life Orientation.

Four Reasons why

  • Teenagers need to investigate and be knowledgeable about risky behaviour as this helps them understand the consequences of their decisions and hopefully help them make better choices.
  • Teenagers need to investigate and be knowledgeable about risky behaviour because learning more about high-risk behaviour will help them consider lower-risk alternatives instead.
  • Teenagers need to investigate and be knowledgeable about risky behaviour because risk behavior is a lifestyle activity that puts a person at increased risk of suffering particular conditions.
  • Some teenagers might not even have stable families, thus teenagers themselves need to investigate and eventually become knowledgeable about risky behaviour.

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Life Orientation Grade 11

Media Reporting in a Democratic Society is evident when the following are in place

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Media Reporting in a Democratic Society is evident when the following are in place: Life Orientation Grade 12.

A free, objective, skilled media is an essential component of any democratic society. On the one hand, it provides the information which the polity requires to make responsible, informed decisions. On the other, it performs a “checking function” ensuring that elected officials uphold their oaths of office and campaign promises and that they carry out the wishes of the electorate. 

GSDRC

Evidence of Media Reporting in a Democratic Society

Media Reporting should also support freedom of expression. Freedom of expression means that you can express your ideas and opinions freely through speech, writing, and other forms of communication. Freedom of expression is a basic right in a democratic society, and it applies to everyone, including individuals and the media. People may not express viewpoints that violate the rights of others.

In a democratic society such as South Africa, the following evidence need to exist to prove the presence of a democratic society:

  • The role of the media is to inform society about daily events that are newsworthy.
  • In a democracy, the media’s communicated, and educate.
  • The media play an important role in informing citizens about their government, their rights and freedom and their health and safety.
  • expose violations of human rights
  • report on unlawful activities, the courts and court cases
  • expose corruption and mismanagement
  • communicate, inform and educate and entertain
  • shape the public’s opinion
  • give political information that can inform voters
  • identify problems in our country and communities
  • promote debate and discussion
  • promote nation-building, by giving access to diverse viewpoints and world views, as well as sports cover

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